International Endowment for Democracy ���or��￁

Voting Machine Companies Make Political Contributions to Both Democrats and Republicans

Report Traces Campaign Contributions of Companies that Produce E-Voting Machines

August 13, 2004

WASHINGTON, DC (PRWEB) �� today announced the release of the first nonpartisan and non-advocacy look at the political campaign contributions and lobbying activities of the largest producers of e-voting machines.

The report found that voting machine manufacturers have been mostly pragmatic in their political activities, giving money to each party and largely staying out of campaigns in key states considering the purchase of their wares��with two significant exceptions.

Early funding efforts focused on passing an initiative in support of a California bond to fund the local purchase of e-voting machines. Similarly, executives from Ohio-based Diebold Inc. gave generously to national and state Republican candidates.

The report also found, however, that manufacturers have not made significant campaign contributions in states such as Florida, Georgia and Maryland where lucrative contracts were rewarded in 2001 and 2002. Research also indicated no significant home-field advantage for companies seeking contracts with their state or local governments.

"With the election approaching, there has been some concern about how active these companies are, and important questions of whether they should be politically active at all," said Doug Chapin, director of "This report finds that, compared with other industries that seek government contracts, the political contributions have been minimal. And with Diebold Election Systems' recent decision to limit corporate political activity, it should decrease even more."

"Some experts we interviewed said that the companies should disengage themselves from the partisan campaign aspects of the election process," Chapin said. "The industry has said it does not need to sacrifice the constitutional rights of its executives and employees because of the field in which they are employed."

Since 2001, the major election machine manufacturers��Diebold, Election Systems & Software, Sequoia Voting Systems and Hart InterCivic��have combined to contribute just over $650,000 to candidates, political parties or, public initiative campaigns. The largest share��$411,320 from 2001 to 2003��came from Diebold, given to Republican candidates and party coffers.

The report noted Diebold and its board members gave mostly to Ohio candidates and office holders, and President George W. Bush. The report notes that Diebold, unlike other election system companies, generates far more revenue from other segments, including banking. But it raised eyebrows when CEO Walden O'Dell vowed in a fundraising letter last year to "deliver" Ohio's electoral votes to Bush.

The remaining three companies gave to Democrats over the same period��$45,550 compared to just under $30,000 to Republicans. is a project of the University of Richmond sponsored by The Pew Charitable Trusts. The full report, "The Business of Elections" is available at The Pew Charitable Trusts Web site ( or at 
Democracy Library

Shopping is the best place to comparison shop for Buy north face fleece clearance sale.Find great deals for Cheap North Face Jackets Clearance.

It's true that MAC MAKEUP foundation's fashion sense is unconventional. But on the other hand, she is demonstrating individuality. Some say that her fishnet stockings, quirky sunglasses and boots make her look like a MAC MAKEUP WHOLESALE, but she isn't showing her most intimate parts. She has been criticized in some circles for her bikini bottoms and leotards as being MAC MAKEUP UK? but do these same people blink an eye when Britney Spears NHL JERSEYS WHOLESALE, Beyonce or Rhianna dress the same? Gaga is all about elevating pop music to an art form. She's a serious artist and business woman,MAC BRUSHES who's also concerned about her fans. She embraces her role model status and her femininity. She wants to be a good role model and have a strong connection with her MAC COSMETICS OUTLET. More than that though is her desire to have her fans connect with each other. Therein lies the importance of teen influencers. If a person polled lovers found at online games relating to irrespective of whether opposing must be stored in the action ICE HOCKEY JERSEYS, My partner and i wouldn't be astounded whenever at least half of those stated that they gotta have the software quit exclusively but not be studied out and about.sports caps And why would it all? It causes exhilaration that this followers need. Not to cover, followers pretty much be expecting an important prevent sooner or later within the summer whether it is weekly, once a week, or perhaps each since it is simply just an area of the video game, and excitement to see that teams' goons, along with known as, set off at each other and even overcome.