International Endowment for Democracy
www.internationalendowmentfordemocracy.org ���or��￁ www.iefd.org

The USA'S National Endowment For Democracy (NED): An Update

By B.Raman

This paper may kindly be read in continuation of our earlier one dated, April 13,2000, on the same subject ( National Endowment for Democracy of US )

Attached are the details of the grants distributed by the NED during 1999�either directly or through its associate organisations such as the International Republican Institute (IRI), the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI), the Centre For International Private Enterprise (CIPE) and the Free Trade Union Institute (FTUI)�ostensibly for the promotion of democracy and trade union and other human rights in Asia.

The following conclusions emerge from a study of the grants and the statements/Congressional testimonies of the office-bearers of the NED and its associate organisations:

  • While their activities now have a much wider geographical spread in Asia, covering even Sri Lanka and Nepal, the main focus continues to be against the military regime in Myanmar and the Chinese administration in Tibet and on Cambodia.� Another developing target of the NED seems to be Dr.Mahathir Mohammed, the Prime Minister of Malaysia.
  • Their activities are so designed and implemented as to be in consonance with the foreign policy and strategic objectives of the US Government in this region. It has been mainly active against those countries/areas and regimes which are perceived as unfavourable or detrimental to US interests and not against those considered essential to US interests.� For example, while they have been active against the military regime in Myanmar, they were not equally active against the former Suharto regime in Indonesia or against the damage caused to democracy in Pakistan by the military-intelligence establishment.
  • After the reversion of Hong Kong to China in June, 1997, they have been looking for surrogates in India who could help them in their activities against the present regime in Myanmar and against the Chinese Administration in Tibet.

The following grants of 1999 were distributed through India-based organisations:

Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB)
$150,000
Special funds for Burma

To support the short-wave radio programs of the DVB, the voice of the Burmese pro-democracy movement, and to further professionalize DVB's Oslo studio and its field offices in Thailand and India.

National Coalition for Democracy
$55,000

To enable the exiled National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB) to operate two communications centers, in New Delhi and Bangkok, allowing them to communicate more effectively the NCGUB's message to an international audience.

Nonviolence International (NI)
$50,000

To support the work of the India-based Committee for Nonviolent Action in Burma (CNAB) to foster coalition building and promote democracy at the grassroots level in Burma.

Tibet Times Newspaper
$20,000

To provide in-depth coverage of news about Tibet, the exiled Tibetan community, and Chinese and international affairs through a Tibetan-language newspaper published three times a month in Dharamsala, India.

Tibet Multimedia Center
$30,000

To support a four-part program of democratic civic education and information dissemination that addresses the struggle for human rights and democracy in Tibet.� Based in Dharamsala, India, the Center produces print, audio, and video materials for distribution to Tibetans in India, Nepal, and Tibet.

Tibetan Center for Human Rights and Democracy
$15,000

To translate into Tibetan, publish, and distribute 10,000 copies each of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. The program is based in Dharamsala, India.

Tibetan Review
$25,000

To continue publishing Tibetan Review, an English-language monthly news and opinion journal based in New Delhi, India. The Review, known for its editorial independence and its commitment to promoting democratic pluralism in Tibetan society, provides a unique forum for the free and robust exchange of views. ( Writer's Comment: The descriptions are as given by the NED and not the writer's).

Thus, a total sum of US $ 2,55,000 for Myanmar-related and US $ 90,000 for Tibet-related activities was distributed through India-based organisations in 1999.

The following was the only grant relating to India:

Center for International Private Enterprise
$52,635

To work with the Federation of Indian Women Entrepreneurs to bring together business leaders and successful women entrepreneurs from throughout the South Asian region to share their ideas and expertise on policy advocacy and economic development.

The modus operandi used by the NED, the IRI and other associate organisations for destabilising regimes detrimental to US interests in the name of promotion of democracy was clearly evident in the so-called mass uprising in Yugoslavia in October last which led to the downfall of Mr.Slobodan Milosevic, the former Yugoslav President, who had become anathema to the US Government.

A detailed investigative report on how the Milosevic regime was brought down through a carefully-orchestrated campaign under the guidance of US-based "pro-democracy" organisations using Mahatma Gandhi's techniques of massive non-violent civil disobedience was carried by the "Washington Post" on December 11,2000.

About 70,000 Yugoslav students, intellectuals, miners and other workers were secretly taken to Budapest in Hungary and trained in special camps set up there on mass demonstration techniques.

The Washington Post wrote:

  • U.S.-funded consultants played a crucial role behind the scenes in virtually every facet of the anti-Milosevic drive, running tracking polls, training thousands of opposition activists and helping to organize a vitally important parallel vote count.� U.S. taxpayers paid for 5,000 cans of spray paint used by student activists to scrawl anti-Milosevic graffiti on walls across Serbia, and 2.5 million stickers with the slogan "He's Finished," which became the revolution's catchphrase.
  • The U.S. democracy-building effort in Serbia was a curious mixture of secrecy and openness.� In principle, it was an overt operation, funded by congressional appropriations of around $10 million for fiscal 1999 and $31 million for 2000.
  • Some Americans involved in the anti-Milosevic effort said they were aware of CIA activity at the fringes of the campaign, but had trouble finding out what the agency was up to. Whatever it was, they concluded it was not particularly effective.� The lead role was taken by the State Department and the U.S. Agency for International Development, the government's foreign assistance agency, which channeled the funds through commercial contractors and nonprofit groups such as NDI and its Republican counterpart, the International Republican Institute (IRI).� While NDI worked closely with Serbian opposition parties, IRI focused its attention on Otpor, which served as the revolution's ideological and organizational backbone.� In March, IRI paid for two dozen Otpor leaders to attend a seminar on nonviolent resistance at the Hilton Hotel in Budapest, a few hundreds yards along the Danube from the NDI-favored Marriott.
  • During the seminar, the Serbian students received training in such matters as how to organize a strike, how to communicate with symbols, how to overcome fear and how to undermine the authority of a dictatorial regime.� The principal lecturer was retired U.S. Army Col. Robert Helvey, who has made a study of nonviolent resistance methods around the world, including those used in modern-day Burma and the civil rights struggle in the American South.

In its issue of December 2000, the Peace Watch, the monthly journal of the US Institute of Peace in Washington, has corroborated the "Washington Post's" report and admitted that the services of Col. Helvey in the anti-Milosevic campaign were paid for by the IRI.

Who is Col. Robert Helvey? He was an officer of the Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA) of the Pentagon, who had served in Vietnam and, subsequently, as the US Defence Attache in Yangon, Myanmar, (1983 to 85) during which he clandestinely organised the Myanmarese students to work behind Aung San Suu Kyi and in collaboration with Bo Mya's Karen insurgent group.� He was subsequently based in Thailand where he organised the training of the student and Karen supporters of Aung San Suu Kyi.� In 1988-89, he also trained in Hong Kong the student leaders from Beijing in mass demonstration techniques which they were to subsequently use in the Tiananmen Square incident of June,1989.� He is now believed to be acting as an adviser to the Falun Gong, the religious sect of China, in similar civil disobedience techniques, which the sect is using with increasing effectiveness against the Chinese authorities.� He has ostensibly retired from the DIA in 1991.

It may be recalled that the covert political action set-up consisting of the NED, the IRI, the NDI, the CIPE and the FTUI was set up during the Ronald Reagan Administration on the recommendation of Mr.Bob Casey, who subsequently became the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).� The late Casey saw this as a way of the US developing an effective political action capability against unfriendly regimes without circumventing the post-Watergate Congressional curbs on CIA covert actions against foreign political leaders.

The Clinton Administration made full use of this set-up and this is likely to further increase under the present Bush administration.�

12. 02. 2001

(The writer is Additional Secretary (retd), Cabinet Secretariat, Govt. of India, and, presently, Director, Institute For Topical Studies, Chennai. E-mail: corde@vsnl.com )

Annexure: Grants Made by NED in 1999

Bangladesh

Center for International Private Enterprise
$90,811

To promote a nonpartisan approach to the economic policy-making process.� CIPE will work with the Dhaka Chamber of Commerce and Industry to strengthen the voice of the private sector by establishing a research and advocacy capability and producing economic policy papers on issues related to privatization and economic liberalization.

Burma

All Burma Young Monks' Union (ABYMU)
$15,000
Special funds for Burma

To support the democracy movement inside Burma. The Thailand-based ABYMU will distribute human rights and democracy materials, collect information about conditions in Burma, and educate monks and Buddhist lay people about democracy, human rights, and nonviolent struggle.

American Center for International Labor Solidarity
$49,920
Special funds for Burma

To support the activities of the All Burma Federation of Student Unions (ABFSU) in Bangkok and along the Thai-Burma border, including the coordination of pro-democracy activities and human rights education programs.

American Center for International Labor Solidarity
$400,080
Special funds for Burma

To strengthen and improve the trade union work of the independent Federation of Trade Unions-Burma (FTUB) and to improve coordination and communications among labor and student organizations inside Burma. The Bangkok-based FTUB will work to increase the involvement of the international labor movement in the Burmese struggle through education and coalition building with labor organizations in Asia, Europe, and North America.

Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development
$28,000
Special funds for Burma

To encourage Thai support for the Burmese pro-democracy movement and build the capacity of Burmese exile groups in Thailand to be effective advocates for change in Burma.

The Burma Fund
$185,000
Special funds for Burma

To conduct research on and advocate for a transition to democracy in Burma.� Funding supports the Burma Fund's four core programs - research, policy and transition planning, national and ethnic reconciliation, and private sector outreach.� Support will also enable the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma to present its case at the U.N. Commission on Human Rights and the U.N. General Assembly, and sponsor research and presentations at U.N. fora on women's rights.

Irriwaddy Publishing Group (IPG)
$30,000
Special funds for Burma

To break the state monopoly on information in Burma. IPG, an independent news service based in Thailand, will continue to operate its documentation and information center and provide coverage of regional issues in its English-language monthly news magazine, The Irrawaddy.

Burma Lawyers' Council (BLC)
$45,000
Special funds for Burma

To promote the rule of law in Burma.� The Bangkok-based BLC will document civil rights violations, publish quarterly Burmese- and English-language journals, and conduct seminars and trainings for pro-democracy organizations, ethnic leaders, and grassroots Burmese groups.

Burma Relief Center
$25,000
Special funds for Burma

To train youth from the Shan and Karenni states in the skills necessary to play an active and effective role in a future democratic and peaceful Burma.

Burmese Women's Union
$40,000
Special funds for Burma

To provide training to women leaders on the Thai-Burma border in grassroots leadership, women's empowerment, and office management.� The Union will also involve women in discussions on future democratic constitution, publish materials on women's rights, and send members to international meetings.

Chin Human Rights
Organization (CHRO)
$9,700

To publish CHRO's English-language monthly newsletter, Rhododendron.� CHRO conducts human rights investigations and disseminates its findings to members of the Chin ethnic group, other pro-democracy and ethnic groups in exile, and the international community.

Committee for Internally Displaced Karen People (CIDKP)
$29,000
Special funds for Burma

To provide humanitarian assistance for internally displaced persons in Karen State. CIDKP, based on the Thai-Burma border, will improve the distribution of aid by supporting training, capacity building, project monitoring, and documentation and research.

Democratic Party for a New Society (DPNS)
$60,000
Special funds for Burma

To support the democracy movement inside Burma.� The Thailand-based DPNS will distribute Burmese-language human rights and democracy materials, collect information about conditions in Burma, and organize a program that trains grassroots activists on effective techniques of nonviolent political action.

Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB)
$150,000
Special funds for Burma

To support the short-wave radio programs of the DVB, the voice of the Burmese pro-democracy movement, and to further professionalize DVB's Oslo studio and its field offices in Thailand and India.

Human Rights Documentation Unit (HRDU)
$18,000

To promote human rights by disseminating a variety of publications. The Bangkok-based HRDU, a program of the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma, will distribute Burmese-language translations of key international human rights treaties and a Burmese-language Dictionary of Politics.

Human Rights Foundation of Monland
$35,000
Special funds for Burma

To produce English-language human rights reports on conditions in Mon State and southern Burma, distribute Mon-language books and magazines inside Mon State, and produce the bimonthly Mon-language newsletter, Khit Poey (Our Era), for citizens of Mon State and refugees along the Thai-Burma border.

Images Asia
$15,000
Special funds for Burma

To produce an up-to-date report on the human rights situation in Arakan state in western Burma.� The project will also help improve the skills of local activists and build a local monitoring capacity.

Kachin-Americans and Friends, Inc. for Human Rights and Democracy in Burma
$25,000

To educate the public in Kachin state about Kachin political history, democracy, and federalism through the translation and publication of three books on democracy and federalism.

Karen Information Center
$11,000

To support KIC News, a 28-page monthly newsletter published in Thailand in English, Karen, and Burmese that provides human rights organizations and other groups with accurate information on human rights violations and other developments occurring both in the Karen and Thai-Burma border regions.

Lahu National Development Organization
$20,000

To provide materials about democracy, human rights, and the social and economic consequences of Burma's illegal drug trade for grassroots audiences among the Lahu, Pa-O, and Palaung ethnic groups living in Shan State.� Activities include publishing educational materials, conducting grassroots training courses on human rights and democracy, and investigating the human rights situation in Shan State.

National Coalition for Democracy
$55,000

To enable the exiled National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB) to operate two communications centers, in New Delhi and Bangkok, allowing them to communicate more effectively the NCGUB's message to an international audience.

National Council of the Union of Burma (NCUB)
$75,000
Special funds for Burma

To promote coalition building efforts among pro-democracy forces in exile in Thailand and in the ethnic areas along Burma's borders. Through the NCUB's "National Reconciliation and Political Solidarity Program," the NCUB Secretariat will work to solidify cooperation with and encourage commitment to common goals among the groups that are important to Burma's democratization.

National Council of the Union of Burma - Foreign Affairs Committee (NCUB-FAC)
$50,000
Special funds for Burma

To conduct a diplomatic campaign in Asia that will build support for the Burmese democracy movement.� NCUB-FAC will establish a research center in Bangkok dedicated to international affairs; organize meetings; maintain a database of foreign policy experts, journalists, and diplomats concerned with Burma; and establish and maintain a network of Asian NGOs, political parties, student groups, and regional associations that are interested in Burma.

National Health and Education Committee (NHEC)
$40,000
Special funds for Burma

To support the NHEC's coordination and management of a broad-based multi-ethnic program in support of grassroots projects designed to meet the health and education needs of refugee populations in Thailand and ethnic populations inside Burma.

New Era Journal
$160,000
Special funds for Burma

To continue publishing and increase the circulation of the Thailand-based monthly Burmese-language newspaper, the New Era Journal. The journal includes in-depth news about Burma's pro-democracy movement and opinion and commentary from democracy activists living inside Burma and in exile.

Nonviolence International (NI)
$50,000

To support the work of the India-based Committee for Nonviolent Action in Burma (CNAB) to foster coalition building and promote democracy at the grassroots level in Burma.

Shan Herald Agency for News (S.H.A.N.)
$20,000
Special funds for Burma

To promote democracy and human rights in Shan State by providing materials in the Shan language.� S.H.A.N. will continue to produce its trilingual monthly newspaper, The Independence, and distribute it in Shan State, along the Thai-Burma border, and internationally.

United Nationalities Democratic Congress
$7,500

To educate the people of Burma on ethnic rights, human rights, federalism, and democracy through a program of publications, workshops, and roundtables.

Cambodia

American Assistance for Cambodia
$20,000

To continue teaching desktop publishing and the fundamentals of journalism to students, NGO staff, and working journalists in Phnom Penh.

Cambodian Human Rights Task Force
$50,000

To improve human rights education training techniques and the advocacy capacity of NGOs and local activists at the community level.� Projects include a training manual on human rights education, five booklets on specific human rights and development issues for use by NGOs, advocacy trainings for local NGOs, and a quarterly newsletter.

Documentation Center of Cambodia (DC-Cam)
$25,000

To improve the Center's institutional capabilities by acquiring new computer equipment and improving its library facilities. The Center will continue to collect, preserve, and archive information and materials on the Khmer Rouge-orchestrated "Killing Fields" (1975-79).

Human Rights Vigilance of Cambodia
$44,000

To support Vigilance's human rights monitoring and education project.� Vigilance will continue to investigate, monitor, and report human rights abuses; educate Cambodian citizens, civic leaders, and police about human rights, democracy, the rule of law, and local and international laws; highlight human rights problems through the media; and provide direct assistance to victims of abuse.

International Republican Institute
$235,257

To strengthen democratic political parties and civic participation in Cambodia.� Training topics include the legislative process, communication and message development, and grassroots political party organization.� A separate program will train several Cambodian NGOs, civic activists, and student leaders on how to become more effective advocates for constitutional democratic political processes in.

Khmer Students Association (KSA)
$18,000

To support KSA's student-led activities and provide a wide range of student services. KSA will publish and distribute 1,000 copies of its monthly newsletter, and continue to host its monthly public affairs lecture series, which serves as a forum for young people to participate in question-and-answer sessions with prominent citizens and government officials.

National Democratic Institute for International Affairs
$21,642

To support the organizational development of three civic groups whose election-monitoring efforts helped expose flaws during parliamentary polls in 1998.� Before the local elections, scheduled in 2000, NDI will assist the civic groups to advocate citizen input into the creation of new laws on local elections and local administrative structures.

China

American Center for International Labor Solidarity
$202,399

To support the work of the Hong Kong-based China Labour Bulletin to investigate and document labor conditions and worker activism in China.� The program also includes support for labor and human rights education efforts to inform workers about their rights under national and local laws.

American Center for International Labor Solidarity
$170,997

To provide support to the Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions to improve its membership outreach and coalition-building activities.� ACILS will also support the research and documentation activities of a labor rights NGO concentrating on conditions in southern China.

Center for International Private Enterprise
$84,700

To encourage public participation in the economic reform process.� CIPE will support a program to conduct research, organize conferences, and publish articles on policy reform issues.

Center for International Private Enterprise
$76,727

To enable the Unirule Institute of Economics to organize biweekly symposia that bring together private entrepreneurs, academics, government officials, and journalists to discuss China's transition to a market economy. Symposium papers will be distributed to a wide audience throughout China.

Center for International Private Enterprise
$64,130

To enable the National Economic Reform Institute - China Reform Foundation to conduct the first systematic study of economic freedom within China.� Results will be published in Chinese and English, and a workshop will be held to promote understanding of the concept of economic freedom in China.

Center for Modern China (CMC)
$55,000

To print 3,000 copies each of Modern China Studies, CMC's quarterly Chinese-language journal. The Princeton-based publication features research findings and policy analyses about democratization in contemporary China; it is distributed to libraries, research centers, and individual subscribers in China and abroad.

China Strategic Institute (CSI)
$10,000

To assess the current state of grassroots elections in China and the prospects for expanding direct, competitive balloting to township and county levels.

Democratic China Magazine
$75,000

To publish a Chinese-language monthly Internet magazine on politics, society, and culture to provide a forum for discussion of the prospects for democracy and pluralism in China.

Foundation for China in the 21st Century
$100,000

To increase understanding of democratization, constitutionalism, federalism, and related issues among policy-making and intellectual communities in China.� The program includes publications on comparative democratization issues and grassroots elections in China, a new program to lay the foundation for inter-ethnic communication through a series of retreats, and humanitarian and programmatic support for Chinese human rights and democracy activists.

Human Rights in China, Inc. (HRIC)
$200,000

To continue HRIC's extensive support for the human rights movement inside China, its credible reporting of breaking news, and its international advocacy program.� HRIC educates ordinary Chinese people about human rights principles, helps those who have been persecuted and imprisoned in China for the nonviolent exercise of their rights, and monitors China's overall human rights situation.

International Republican Institute
$489,716

To support further progress and consolidation of electoral reform at the village level, and to conduct programs on legislative reform at the national and provincial levels.

Laogai Research Foundation
$85,000

To conduct a research and publications program on the laogai, China's prison camp system, investigate and expose other human rights violations in China, and support a three-day conference in September 1999, "Voices from the Laogai," featuring testimonies from dozens of former laogai prisoners.

Press Freedom Guardian
$48,000

To continue production of the Press Freedom Guardian, a Chinese-language, bimonthly newspaper that covers democratic ideas, human rights cases, the treatment of political prisoners, and political and social developments in China that relate to the country's prospects for democratization.

China (Hong Kong)

Hong Kong Human Rights Monitor
$48,000

To campaign for improvements in legal and institutional human rights safeguards in Hong Kong. The Monitor will continue its program of human rights reporting, case work, campaigning, and public education, and will also participate in the U.N. human rights fora.

National Democratic Institute for International Affairs
$67,164

To support democracy activists as they define their role in the new political system in Hong Kong that limits opportunities for public input into the policy-making process.� The program will offer consultations to political parties competing for seats on directly elected local governments, and conduct a training program on grassroots organizing and volunteer recruitment.

China (Tibet)

Tibet Information Network
$20,000

To provide comprehensive, accurate information about political, social, and economic developments in Tibet to Tibetan audiences, the international community, human rights groups, and the media.

Tibet Times Newspaper
$20,000

To provide in-depth coverage of news about Tibet, the exiled Tibetan community, and Chinese and international affairs through a Tibetan-language newspaper published three times a month in Dharamsala, India.

Tibet Multimedia Center
$30,000

To support a four-part program of democratic civic education and information dissemination that addresses the struggle for human rights and democracy in Tibet.� Based in Dharamsala, India, the Center produces print, audio, and video materials for distribution to Tibetans in India, Nepal, and Tibet.

Tibetan Center for Human Rights and Democracy
$15,000

To translate into Tibetan, publish, and distribute 10,000 copies each of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. The program is based in Dharamsala, India.

Tibetan Review
$25,000

To continue publishing Tibetan Review, an English-language monthly news and opinion journal based in New Delhi, India.� The Review, known for its editorial independence and its commitment to promoting democratic pluralism in Tibetan society, provides a unique forum for the free and robust exchange of views.

Indonesia

Center for International Private Enterprise
$73,120

To enable the Manila-based Center for Media Freedom and Responsibility to organize consultations and a workshop that will initiate a discussion among Indonesian media, business, and government executives on how to provide for the free flow of economic information to the public and among private-sector and governmental institutions.

Suara Timor Timur (Voice of East Timor)
$60,000

To support East Timor's only locally based newspaper by providing funds to replace equipment that was destroyed when its office was ransacked in April 1999, and to provide an emergency supply of newsprint.

Malaysia

National Democratic Institute for International Affairs
$143,388

To assist a civic group with monitoring November 1999 parliamentary elections in Malaysia, where flawed electoral laws and procedures have prevented genuine, competitive polls.� NDI will help the civic group mount a neutral observation effort to monitor the election and pre-election environment and report objectively on the election process.

Southeast Asian Press Alliance
$60,000

To foster the emergence of independent media and promote press freedom in Malaysia. The grant also provides support for online media.

Mongolia

LEOS
$48,545

To continue support for the programs of Mongolia's largest pro-democracy women's organization.� LEOS will provide skills training workshops for members of urban and rural branches; organize a nonpartisan program that encourages women to participate in the 2000 parliamentary elections; and expand a program that helps women launch new businesses.

Nepal

National Democratic Institute for International Affairs
$100,000

To strengthen government oversight and accountability in a country where corruption at all levels of government hinders the development of democratic practices and the public's faith in democracy.� The program will assist civic groups with strengthening the legislature's oversight of Nepal's seven independent constitutional bodies and developing a more transparent process of appointing members to those bodies, which are currently appointed in secret.

North Korea

Citizens' Alliance to Help Political Prisoners in North Korea
$62,000

To investigate and report on human rights abuses and prison camp operations in North Korea.� The Seoul-based group will produce English-language materials for international dissemination and publish Korean, Japanese, and English-language editions of its bimonthly journal, Life and Human Rights.� The Alliance will also convene the first international conference on human rights abuses in North Korea to assess the current state of knowledge and exchange of information on North Korea's human rights situation, and explore strategies to improve the human rights situation there.

Pakistan

American Center for International Labor Solidarity
$137,615

To support a counseling center run by Lawyers for Human Rights and Legal Aid that addresses the sexual harassment of women workers and promotes coalition-building between unions and NGOs that focus on women workers' rights.� ACILS will also continue to support the legal work of the Society for the Protection of the Rights of the Child, the All Pakistan Federation of Labor effort to enhance membership recruitment, workshops on child labor conducted by the Pakistan National Textile, Leather, and Garment Workers Federation, and an organizing workshop conducted by the All Pakistan Federation of Free Trade Unions.

Sri Lanka

People's Action for Free and Fair Elections
$15,000

To continue a grassroots civic education and participation project to foster a peaceful and responsive civil society.

Thailand

International Republican Institute
$100,000

To continue working with the Thai Women in Politics Institute (WIP) to provide women with the skills necessary to participate fully in Thailand's political arena.� Activities include campaign training for provincial and municipal candidates and a women and government training conference.

National Democratic Institute for International Affairs
$122,749

To strengthen local efforts to combat corruption in Thailand's political system.� Work with civic groups in four provinces will use village forums and educational presentations to help citizens develop solutions to local problems of corruption, advocate change to their elected officials, and build public pressure for reform.

Vietnam

Boat People S.O.S. (BPSOS)
$10,000

To encourage greater transparency and accountability in Vietnam.� BPSOS will organize a session during an international conference, "Building a Democratic Framework for Development in Southeast Asia," that will provide a forum for Vietnamese citizens to become informed about and advocate for the principles of transparency in government.

Center for International Private Enterprise
$60,703
To enable the Georgetown University Center for Intercultural Education and Development to work with the Economics University of Ho Chi Minh City to conduct a program of weekly radio and television broadcasts that promote public discussion of economic reform and Vietnam's transition to a market economy.

Association for Vietnamese Overseas: Culture & Liaison
$70,000

To continue distributing the bimonthly magazine, Que Me (Homeland), which brings uncensored news and a discussion of democratic ideas into Vietnam.� The Association also will distribute in Vietnam 50,000 copies of its monthly mini-bulletins on human and workers' rights in Vietnam, and a variety of thematic reports in English, French, and Vietnamese.

South Asia Regional
Center for International Private Enterprise
$52,635

To work with the Federation of Indian Women Entrepreneurs to bring together business leaders and successful women entrepreneurs from throughout the South Asian region to share their ideas and expertise on policy advocacy and economic development.

Asia Regional
American Center for International Labor Solidarity
$551,232

To support the protection of workers' rights and the institutional development of trade unions in Thailand and Malaysia.� ACILS programs will broaden workers' civic awareness and help train workers and unions to undertake effective research, analysis, and advocacy on economic policy issues in the wake of the financial crisis.� A regional program will promote transparency in international financial institutions.

American Center for International Labor Solidarity
$289,756

To strengthen the rule of law in Southeast Asia in the area of workers' rights.� The Bangkok-based program will provide technical support to legal aid societies, legal activists, scholars, unions, community groups, NGOs, and other appropriate partners. ACILS will help local organizations explore the use of local administrative and constitutional law to enforce standards and support technical and professional exchanges.

Asian Cultural Forum on Development (ACFOD)
$20,000

To enable ACFOD to serve as the secretariat of the Asia-Pacific Human Rights NGO Network.� ACFOD will publish a bimonthly newsletter for the NGO Network, maintain a database of Asia-related human rights materials, and use new information technology to encourage communication and coordination among members.

Center for International Private Enterprise
$73,636

To cosponsor with the Institute of Management Education for Thailand Foundation a two-day regional workshop that will identify best practices in corporate governance and recommendations for reform, and promote a more transparent relationship between the public and private sectors.


  
 
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